Textiles Sector

Indian Textile and Clothing (T&C) industry is one of the largest industries in the Indian economy. It contributes 4% to the country's GDP and 14% to the country's industrial production. It is the second largest employment generating industry with direct employment of 33.17 million people (recorded in March 2006).
It is expected that the overall employment in the sector would increase to about 60 to 62 million by 2022. The garment sector would be the key driver of employment in the textile sector (25% of the total).
Operators having adequate knowledge of sewing machine functioning and different types of seams and stitches would form a major part of the human resource requirement.
The current training infrastructure is inadequate both in terms of the number of people trained and the quality of training being imparted.
The main employers' perception of required skills include good machine control, knowledge of threading of sewing machines, stitching on different shapes, seaming garment components together in various fabrics to specified quality and quality standard, knowledge of machine maintenance procedures, pattern making, grading and draping, awareness of industrial sewing machines and ability to sew complete garment (in case of units which do not follow the line system of production).
The textiles sector offers a safe work environment for women laborers, convenient working hours and opportunity for growth and incentives.
The demand for skilled textiles employees far exceeds the supply, providing good opportunity for trained workers.


*Sources: National Skills Development Corporation (Ministry of Finance) & Ministry of Textiles

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