Domestic work is an important source of income and employment for women in the unorganized sector and its demand is increasing especially in the metro cities.
It is not subject to any legal regulation. Employees face low wages, lack of decent working conditions, endless working hours, no paid leave, or medical insurance, and innumerable abuses from agencies and employers.
About 64% of domestic workers employed in the cities of India are from outside the city. Most of them are young women migrants from rural areas to the cities, disrupting their schooling indefinitely, in search of work to help their families with financial support.
In the National Capital Region, almost 90% of domestic workers have no formal education or job training. It is estimated that over the next five years the demand for domestic workers will be of 6 lakhs in Delhi and surrounding cities such as Gurgaon.
Domestic workers profile:
Gender distribution: 81% women, 19% men
Average age: 26-30 years old.
Coverage under contract: No (90%), Yes (10%)
Tasks: Housekeeping (45%), Kitchen work (19%), Outside work (17%), Child & Elderly Care (8%), Others (11%)